Learning Federal Laws
Various federal laws regulate handgun ownership and usage. These include the following.
Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: As ratified by the states in 1791, the second amendment to the U.S. Constitution states: “A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the People to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.”
U.S. Code of Federal Regulations: Federal laws regarding handguns and other firearms are included in several parts of the U.S. Federal Code. For example, Title 27, Part 479 discusses registration, identification, and transfer of ownership of firearms. Other parts of Title 27 cover additional laws pertaining to firearms.
Gun Control Act of 1968: This Act is found in Title 18, Part I, Chapter 44 of the U.S. Code and includes provisions that:
- Control the mail-order sales of firearms.
- Prohibit those categories of individuals listed in the Act from owning a firearm.
- Require individuals to purchase handguns only in their state of residence.
Firearm Owners’ Protection Act: This Act also is found in Title 18, Part I, Chapter 44 of the U.S. Code and was passed to amend many of the provisions of the Gun Control Act of 1968, including clarification of which categories of individuals are prohibited from owning a firearm.